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This is a How-To on using Hyper Backup on a Synology NAS based on my experience with the product.
Hyper Backup is the backup solution on a Synology NAS and can be configured in many different ways and for many different purposes.
Today’s How-To is going to show how to set up a local backup to an external USB hard drive with Smart Rotation enabled.
This is a form of versioning that allows a user to restore an older version of a file or folder. I will show you how to set it up and hopefully in the future I will create another How to on restoring files/folders from Hyper Backup.
14 Steps total
Backblaze B2 Synology Hyper Backup Software
Step 1: Open Hyper Backup
Log into your Synology web console and open the Hyper Backup application.
Step 2: Choose a Backup Task
Click on the cross in the bottom left hand corner and choose “Data Backup Task” from the options.
Step 3: Different Options to Choose from
There are many different options to choose from for the backup location. Today I am just showing how to back up to a local USB hard drive.
Step 4: Choose Local Folder & USB
Choose the option that says, “Local folder & USB”. This will create a single file on the Local folder or USB drive that you will use for the backup and will be accessible using the Hyper Backup Explorer in Hyper Backup. It will not replicate the folder structure, please see my previous How To article to set it up that way: https://community.spiceworks.com/how_to/148067-using-hyper-backup-to-backup-to-local-drive-synology-nas
Step 5: Choose a backup destination
Choose a location to back up the data to, in my case to the USBshare1 hard drive. (Please note, this share was set up when plugging in the USB drive to the Synology, so you will have to do that first). Press next….
Step 6: Choose which folders you would like to backup
Choose all folders if you want a full backup of your Synology, or choose individual folders that you want to back up. Press next….
Step 7: Choose applications to backup(If any)
Choose any applications that you may want to backup, then press next…..
Step 8: Create the Task Settings
Give your backup a name (task name). Usually I leave all options as default, this is personal preference. Tick the “Enable the backup schedule” option and choose when you would like the backups to run. The options here are: “Daily”, “Weekend”, “Week Days” or tick boxes for custom days. Then press next….
Step 9: Couple of different options for backup rotation
Enable backup rotation and then choose the method you would like to use. Please see this screenshot of the options that 'Smart Recycle' gives you.
Step 10: From the Earliest option
Hyper Backup will keep a single version of each file for as many versions as you choose. In the screenshot, the default is 256 versions and this would keep a single version each day for up to 9 months that you could restore.
Step 11: Smart Recycle Option
As the first screenshot showed, this option will keep hourly backups for the past 24 hours, daily versions for the past month and weekly versions older than a month for up to 4 years in this screenshot.
Step 12: Change frequency of the backup task (If required)
When the task is completed, you can change the frequency of the backup by pressing “Settings”,
Step 13: Frequency Settings
Synology Hyper Backup Backblaze
Clicking on the “Schedule” tab and changing the “Frequency” from once a day to any option of every hour, etc.
Step 14: Results
This is how it looks in the directory created on the USB hard drive.
This is just a general run down of the product, but is easy to configure and has many options available.
- For further information, please visit: https://www.synology.com/en-global/support
- Thai PepperMI50 Aug 29, 2018 at 01:47pm
Thanks for this how to have you created one on how to backup from one synology to another synology that is offsite over the internet?
- Serranowilthorna Aug 30, 2018 at 02:37am
Sorry no, I haven't looked into this. The guy from Techwiztime on Youtube has a pretty good video of that scenario
* I have no affiliation, but found that video informative.
- Pimientospicehead-zf7mg Feb 21, 2019 at 10:13am
umm ROTATION would normally mean rotating DISKS ...
how can this be done? ie allowing one disk to be rotated weekly off-site form a2 disk set
- Pimientogavincritchley Mar 18, 2019 at 09:41pm
Should the title be Smart Rotation or Smart Retention? Rotation is something you haven't covered.
- SerranodBrad Aug 22, 2019 at 06:28pm
Agree with the above comments - this is NOT rotation. And in my experience you cannot properly rotate backups at all with Synology DSM 6 or higher. Time Backup works like a champ on prior DSM versions but they replaced it with Hyper Backup and proper drive rotation no longer works.
Early in 2016 I published a post on how I setup my Synology NAS to backup to CrashPlan from Code42. It certainly wasn't an out of the box process and involved a lot of behind the scenes hacking on both the Synology and my laptop in order to get it going. It did, however, work well.
Backup Nas To Backblaze
For a time.
I started to notice a pattern in that, with every iteration of the DSM platform or Java update, the CrashPlan service would just stop. I'd get it going again, but each time, it was not as simple as clicking the Start button next to the Service window. No, it was always far more detailed than that and I started to grow weary. I even went weeks at times without backing up my NAS, and this was not a situation I could tolerate any more.
Synology Cloud Backup
At the time, when researching backup solutions, I felt disappointed that Backblaze weren't offering any kind of solution for this. I had been using Backblaze for several years on my Mac devices and always found it to be a solid, reliable and unobtrusive piece of software. I've only needed to restore a few items in that time, yet each time the process was quick and easy. This is what I ideally wanted on my NAS.
Well, now I do.
Backblaze now offer a B2 Cloud Storage which links directly to my Synology NAS. Rather than paying a fixed monthly fee, B2 works in a very similar mould to it's cloud storage competitors in that you will pay per GB (currently $0.005 per GB), so working out your appromiate monthly bill is simple.
The best part about this solution is, without question, the ease of setup and subsequent lack of worry. You can 'set it and forget it', just like on your laptop or desktop machine. Backblaze provide an intuitive guide which lays out the steps in a logical, well explained manner.
I'd say more, but once the guide was followed, I haven't had to carry out any more maintenance. It's important to note that this is a Cloud Storage solution for your NAS as opposed to a fully fledged Backup solution. I use this solely for duplicating all of my NAS content to cloud storage. I can then download on any device with an internet connection.
So quick, so simple, so hassle-free.
That's enough of a selling point for me.