Backshift Meaning

Posted : admin On 1/3/2022

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

back +‎ shift

Back shift definition at Dictionary.com, a free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation. Backshift definition is - the second shift of workers for the day in a mine. ‘We now have fine tuned our secondary set-up and have a solid Backshift in all conditions.’. Back shaft definition is - a countershaft driven by a back gear.

Backshift (Noun) A function on a whose value on any random variable is the preceding random variable in the process.

Noun[edit]

Examples

The sentence:

Fred says 'I play football'.

becomes the sentence:

Fred said that he played football.

backshift (countable and uncountable, pluralbackshifts)

Backshift Meaning

  1. (grammar) The changing of the tense of a verb from present to past in reported speech.
  2. (statistics) A function on a stochastic process whose value on any random variable is the preceding random variable in the process.

Verb[edit]

backshift (third-person singular simple presentbackshifts, present participlebackshifting, simple past and past participlebackshifted)

  1. (grammar,transitive) To change the tense of a verb from present to past in reported speech.

Fxr Backshift Gloves

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Example 5 - Back-to-Back Shifts

Example of a Prohibited Back-to-Back Shift in a Regular 8-hour Shift Schedule

Prohibited Back-to-Back Shift in a Regular 8-hour Shift Schedule
Day/ShiftBeginsEnds
SundayOffOff
Monday8 a.m.4 p.m.
Tuesday8 a.m.4 p.m.
Wednesday8 a.m.4 p.m.
4 p.m.12 midnight
Thursday8 a.m.4 p.m.
Friday8 a.m.4 p.m.
SaturdayOffOff

In this example, the employee normally works 8 a.m. to 4 p.m., Monday to Friday. On Wednesday, the employee is asked to stay on and work an extra eight-hour shift. The employee agrees electronically or in writing to receive less than eight hours off in between successive shifts that total more than 13 hours (as required by section 18(3)). However, the resulting schedule does not meet the section 18(1) requirement to have at least 11 consecutive hours off each day.

Backshift

The 'days' in this employee's work cycle are as follows:

Prohibited Back-to-Back Shift in a Regular 8-hour Shift Schedule by 'Days'
SundayMondayTuesdayWednesdayThursday FridaySaturday
12 - 88 - 44 - 1212 - 88 - 44 - 1212 - 88 - 44 - 1212 - 88 - 44 - 1212 - 88 - 44 - 1212 - 88 - 44 - 1212 - 88 - 44 - 12
OffOffOffOffWorkOffOffWorkOffOffWorkWorkOffWorkOffOffWorkOffOffOffOff
Not includedDay 1Day 2Day 3Day 4Day 5not included

(Note: in this chart, 'Off' indicate time that the employee is free from work; 'Work' means time the employee is performing work.)

  1. 1st day: Monday 8 a.m. to Tuesday 8 a.m.
    • Number of consecutive hours off : 16
  2. 2nd day: Tuesday 8 a.m. to Wednesday 8 a.m.
    • Number of consecutive hours off : 16
  3. 3rd day: Wednesday 8 a.m. to Thursday 8 a.m.
    • Number of consecutive hours off : 8
  4. 4th day: Thursday 8 a.m. to Friday 8 a.m.
    • Number of consecutive hours off : 16
  5. 5th day: Friday 8 a.m. to Saturday 8 a.m.
    • Number of consecutive hours off : 16

There is no period of 11 consecutive hours off in the third 'day': The 'day' is Wednesday 8 a.m. to Thursday 8 a.m. During that day, which is when the back-to-back shift occurred, the employee worked 8 a.m. to 4 p.m., then again from 4 p.m. to midnight, and was off from midnight to 8 a.m. (eight hours). The employee received only eight consecutive hours off. While this schedule meets the requirements of section 18(3) (because the employee agreed electronically or in writing to forego the required eight-hour break in between successive shifts), it does not meet the requirements of section 18(1).

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