Openssh Service

Posted : admin On 1/2/2022
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The OpenSSH tools include scp, which is a secure file-transfer utility, to help with this. To move the contents of your public key (.ssh into a text file called authorizedkeys in.ssh on your server/host. Installing an OpenSSH server/client on a Windows 2016 server arms the user with a multi-function set of client/server utilities that facilitate a secure environment when logging into or transferring files to your windows server remotely. It also serves as a security management tool for your public/private key pairs. OpenSSH is a 100% complete SSH protocol 2.0 implementation and includes sftp client and server support. Once again, we would like to thank the OpenSSH community for their continued support of the project, especially those who contributed code or patches, reported bugs.

OpenSSH is a powerful collection of tools for the remote control of, and transfer of data between, networked computers. You will also learn about some of the configuration settings possible with the OpenSSH server application and how to change them on your Ubuntu system.

OpenSSH is a freely available version of the Secure Shell (SSH) protocol family of tools for remotely controlling, or transferring files between, computers. Traditional tools used to accomplish these functions, such as telnet or rcp, are insecure and transmit the user’s password in cleartext when used. OpenSSH provides a server daemon and client tools to facilitate secure, encrypted remote control and file transfer operations, effectively replacing the legacy tools.

The OpenSSH server component, sshd, listens continuously for client connections from any of the client tools. When a connection request occurs, sshd sets up the correct connection depending on the type of client tool connecting. For example, if the remote computer is connecting with the ssh client application, the OpenSSH server sets up a remote control session after authentication. If a remote user connects to an OpenSSH server with scp, the OpenSSH server daemon initiates a secure copy of files between the server and client after authentication. OpenSSH can use many authentication methods, including plain password, public key, and Kerberos tickets.


Installation of the OpenSSH client and server applications is simple. To install the OpenSSH client applications on your Ubuntu system, use this command at a terminal prompt:

Openssh Service Name

To install the OpenSSH server application, and related support files, use this command at a terminal prompt:


You may configure the default behavior of the OpenSSH server application, sshd, by editing the file /etc/ssh/sshd_config. For information about the configuration directives used in this file, you may view the appropriate manual page with the following command, issued at a terminal prompt:

There are many directives in the sshd configuration file controlling such things as communication settings, and authentication modes. The following are examples of configuration directives that can be changed by editing the /etc/ssh/sshd_config file.


Prior to editing the configuration file, you should make a copy of the original file and protect it from writing so you will have the original settings as a reference and to reuse as necessary.

Copy the /etc/ssh/sshd_config file and protect it from writing with the following commands, issued at a terminal prompt:

Furthermore since losing an ssh server might mean losing your way to reach a server, check the configuration after changing it and before restarting the server:

The following are examples of configuration directives you may change:

  • To set your OpenSSH to listen on TCP port 2222 instead of the default TCP port 22, change the Port directive as such:

Openssh For Windows 10

Port 2222

  • To make your OpenSSH server display the contents of the /etc/ file as a pre-login banner, simply add or modify this line in the /etc/ssh/sshd_config file:

Banner /etc/

After making changes to the /etc/ssh/sshd_config file, save the file, and restart the sshd server application to effect the changes using the following command at a terminal prompt:



Many other configuration directives for sshd are available to change the server application’s behavior to fit your needs. Be advised, however, if your only method of access to a server is ssh, and you make a mistake in configuring sshd via the /etc/ssh/sshd_config file, you may find you are locked out of the server upon restarting it. Additionally, if an incorrect configuration directive is supplied, the sshd server may refuse to start, so be extra careful when editing this file on a remote server.

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SSH Keys

SSH allow authentication between two hosts without the need of a password. SSH key authentication uses a private key and a public key.

To generate the keys, from a terminal prompt enter:

This will generate the keys using the RSA Algorithm. At the time of this writing, the generated keys will have 3072 bits. You can modify the number of bits by using the -b option. For example, to generate keys with 4096 bits, you can do:

During the process you will be prompted for a password. Simply hit Enter when prompted to create the key.

By default the public key is saved in the file ~/.ssh/, while ~/.ssh/id_rsa is the private key. Now copy the file to the remote host and append it to ~/.ssh/authorized_keys by entering:

Finally, double check the permissions on the authorized_keys file, only the authenticated user should have read and write permissions. If the permissions are not correct change them by:

You should now be able to SSH to the host without being prompted for a password.

Import keys from public keyservers

These days many users have already ssh keys registered with services like launchpad or github. Those can be easily imported with:

The prefix lp: is implied and means fetching from launchpad, the alternative gh: will make the tool fetch from github instead.


Two factor authentication with U2F/FIDO

OpenSSH 8.2 added support for U2F/FIDO hardware authentication devices. These devices are used to provide an extra layer of security on top of the existing key-based authentication, as the hardware token needs to be present to finish the authentication.

It’s very simple to use and setup. The only extra step is generate a new keypair that can be used with the hardware device. For that, there are two key types that can be used: ecdsa-sk and ed25519-sk. The former has broader hardware support, while the latter might need a more recent device.

Once the keypair is generated, it can be used as you would normally use any other type of key in openssh. The only requirement is that in order to use the private key, the U2F device has to be present on the host.

For example, plug the U2F device in and generate a keypair to use with it:

Install openssh

Now just transfer the public part to the server to ~/.ssh/authorized_keys and you are ready to go:


  • Ubuntu Wiki SSH page.

Last updated 8 months ago. Help improve this document in the forum.

SSH service in openSUSE / SLES is provided by the openssh-server package which is automatically installed but not enabled during installation. It means that SSH service does not automatically start during system boot and you will not be able to log in to your machine via SSH even though it is already installed.


You can enable SSH service during installation of openSUSE and SLES at the Firewall and SSH section on the Installation Settings screen.

For this you'll have to set the options to the followings before clicking the Install button:

  • SSH service will be enabled

If you missed the option during installation or simply just need it later, you can manually install and configure the necessary at the terminal.

Steps to install and enable SSH server on SUSE:

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  1. Install openssh package if not already installed (optional).
  2. Check if sshd is successfully started (optional).
  3. Enable firewall rule for ssh.

Guide compatibility:

Operating System
openSUSE Tumbleweed
openSUSE Leap 15.1
openSUSE Leap 15.0
SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 15
Author: Mohd Shakir Zakaria
Cloud architect by profession but always consider himself as a developer, entrepreneur and an opensource enthusiast.
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